||The carpet beetle comes in a number of species and colours, but they all have one thing in common: they are very broad feeders of materials of animal origin. This includes furs, carpets, ants, clothes, hair, silk, insulation, dried insect specimens, seeds, grains, cereals, and small animal carcasses. A common species, variegated carpet beetle lives between 9-12 months and often feed on pollen and plant nectar when in their natural habitat. They are able to fly indoors through open doors and windows and cause severe damage to carpets, rugs, curtains, and clothing. The variegated carpet beetle is small and oval in appearance, with mottled colouring (yellow, white and black). They grow to approximately 2-3mm long which is actually smaller than their larvae state (maximum 4mm long).
||The furniture beetle is a known damager of Seasoned Baltic pine, New Zealand white pine, hoop pine, English Oak, and some other exotic pine woods. If you’re noticing holes in the floorboards or in your timber furniture, the furniture beetle may be the culprit. Preferring timber flooring, panelling and furniture, the furniture beetle will stay away from area with high temperatures. They thrive in high humidity and are only found on the northern outskirts of WA, NT, Queensland and some parts of north east NSW. The furniture beetle is brown and grows to 3-4mm long. They begin as a small white curled grub, only at 1mm long. When furniture beetles grow past the larvae stage, they will discard a course faecal frass that has a similar consistency to table salt.
||The larder beetle is a surprisingly academically useful beetle, as they’re often used in universities and scientific research centres. They eat through animal skins, hides, leather, smoked meats, fish and meat meals, bone and various dried food, which is why they’re so useful for academia. They’re used to clean dead flesh from corpses and skulls so the bone can be studies, researched, and recorded in their raw form. The larder beetle can be identified by their dark, almost black covering with pale yellow hairs. There are striking yellow-brown bands across the front part of the wing covers, and three brown spots on the yellow hair portion of their bodies. They are quite large beetles, growing anywhere 7-9mm but are able to grow to 15mm. A fun fact: they only have three pairs of legs!
||Powderpost beetles attack the sapwood of hardwoods containing starch and their presence is usually detected during the first few years from buying the timber furniture piece. The powderpost beetle tunnels through the grain of wood and if any abrasions or fracture are in the wood or furniture, the other beetles will follow the same path. The female lays 50-100 single eggs in each pore of the timber and tunnel. The beetle will begin as a small white curl grub, only 1mm long. At its adult peak, the beetle can grow from 3-6mm and are dark brown in colour. The powderpost beetle will live for around 6-18 months, depending on the environmental factors.
||There are several spider beetle species that typically decay foodstuffs, seed, woollens, furs, carpets, rodent carcasses’, rodent droppings, old grain based rodent baits, dried animal products, and a range of other organic material. Their entire life cycle only spans 15 to 18 months. Identifying a spider beetle is simple as it has a bulbous body, long legs, and ranges in colour from dull reddish-brown with light brown hair, dark brown, to black and shiny black.